kabirdas Wiki OR Introduction to the life of Kabir Das, Biography, experience, compositions, the nature of devotion, Kabir Das Jeevan Parichay, Kabir Das (Indian Poet) – Age, Height, Net Worth, Biography.
Kabir Das Family, Children, History Biography
Kabir Das Wiki
|Full Name||Sant Kabir Das|
|Profession||Saint, Poet, social reformer and Weaver|
|Year of Birth||1455 (1398 AD)|
|Birth Place||Kashi (Varanasi)|
|Year of Death||1575 (1518 AD)|
|Death Place||Maghar near Kashi|
|Major compositions||Ramani (रमैनी)
Don’t Miss : Tulsidas
Kabir Das Facts
- Name – Kabir(kabirdas)
- Janam Samvat 1455 Jyeshtha month Purnima
- Location – Kashi
- Dimya Samvat 1575 Maghar
- Guru – Swami Ramanand
- Literature – Sakhi, Sabad, Ramani Essence Bijak (Compendium)
- Follower – Nirguna Bhakti stream of Gyanashrayi branch in Bhakti movement Purity of mind and not body’s
- religious harmony + coordination Exclusion of social evils Importance of household life
Philosophical thought- Nirguna Brahma God formless
Biography of Kabirdas
|Real Name||Kabir Das|
|Nick Name||Kabir Sahib|
|Date Of Birth||Vikrami Samvat 1455 (Ad 1398 AD)|
|Birth Place||Kashi, Uttar Pradesh|
|Death Date||Vikrami Samvat 1551 (A.D. 1494)|
|Hometown||Kashi, Uttar Pradesh|
|Hobbies||Worship & Writing|
|Kabir Das Salary||Not Known|
|Offical Web site||Not Known|
The personality of Kabirdas has been multifaceted. He was rich in versatility. Due to the sensitivity of the ideological and social consciousness, Kabir was so settled in the society of his era that he was considered equally revered by all Hindus and Muslims.
Kabir was a social reformer, a coordinator of Hindu-Muslim religion, a benefactor of the poor and weaker sections, a believer of human religion above all, a revolutionary and a strong supporter of social justice and harmony. His followers called him an avatar.
Like other medieval saint poets, there are differences of opinion regarding the biography of Kabir. On the basis of Kabir’s(kabirdas) character understanding and ‘Kabir Kasauti’ texts, Kabir was born in Samvat 1455 in Kashi on the full moon of Jyeshtha month.
Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has also considered this Samvat as the birth Samvat of Kabir. Kabir was raised by weaver couple Neeru and Neema.
Kabir was a householder saint, his wife’s name was Loi, he had two children Kamal and Kamali. He died in Magahar in Samvat 1575.
Swami Ramanand was the initiation guru of Kabir. Kabir was not educated, but Kabir, who had confessed to “Masi kagaz chuyon nahi, kalam gahi nahi haath”, was full of knowledge and talent. His personality was stoic, frivolous and rebellious.
He was supremely content, rich in independent consciousness, truthful, fearless, opposed to external pomp and indomitable courage.
The era of Kabirdas was very turbulent from the social and political point of view. Religious animosity, high and low, superstition, caste-caste and class animosity were prevalent in the society.
Kabir(kabirdas) fought them boldly.
Kabir’s poetry is a poem of equality and justice. Like Socrates, he vehemently opposed social and religious disorder. kabirdas called those who give importance to bookish knowledge as hypocrites. He was a lot even though he was not a scribe.
He adopted whatever was favorable to him from the various sadhana sects prevalent till that time. Thousands of years of spiritual contemplation have influence on Kabir Das’s philosophical ideas related to soul, Paramatma, Moksha, creation and Maya.
Married Life of Kabirdas
|Siblings||Son – Kamal
Daughter – Kamali
Works of Kabirdas
Scholars are not unanimous about the available literature of kabirdas. Although Kabir never touched the paper, there is ample literature available in his name.
Some scholars have considered the number of Kabir’s texts from 57 to 61, but nothing can be said authentically in this regard.
A large part of Kabir’s compositions were composed by his followers and got publicized in the name of Kabir. That is why it is difficult to find the real creation of Kabir in the famous works by the name of Kabir.
Kabir’s(kabirdas) speech was collected by his disciple Dharmadas under the name ‘Bijak’.
Compilation of complete works of Kabir was published by Dr. Shyamsundar Das in the name of “Kabir Granthavali” from Nagari Pracharini Sabha Kashi.
‘Bijak’ is considered to be the authentic composition of Kabir. Kabirpanthis consider it equivalent to ‘Veda’. The essence of Kabir’s philosophical principles is available only in ‘Bijak’.
The meaning of Bijak is the list which tells the secret wealth, in this regard Kabir has said that Bijak vit batavai, which is vit Gupta hoy. Tell the word to the soul, who is very rare.
The finance or wealth which is hidden, that is, buried somewhere in the earth or kept hidden elsewhere, can be known only from the seed, similarly, the secret wealth of the soul, that is, the real form of the soul, is the seed of knowledge given by the Guru. The literature of Kabir is divided into three forms – Sakhi, Sabad or pada and Ramani.
Apart from Ramani, Sakhi and Sabad, literature of other poetic forms like Vasant, Veli, Hindola, Chautisi etc. is also found in the name of Kabir, as it has been said in the beginning that due to not being written by Kabir himself and devotion and devotion by his followers. Out of love, a large amount of literature has been collected in the name of Kabir.
Currently, research is being done by scholars in this area so that some more authentic literature of Kabir can be available.
Nature of devotion to Kabir(kabirdas)
Kabir is a formless. He has offered his devotion at the feet of the Nirguna formless Supreme Father.
The attainment of the formless is possible through knowledge and this knowledge is imparted by the Guru.
According to Kabir(kabirdas), like the fragrance of musk settled in the musk deer, God is a resident, there is no need to find him outside, but out of ignorance, seeks from man in temples, mosques, gurudwaras, Kashi, Kaaba etc.
Kabir(kabirdas) tells Govind, again and again, to find it within yourself because he believes that there is a hirdai lake. Kabir has used the word “Ram” for the non-resident God, but his Ram is a symbol of Saguna i.e. Dasharatha’s son Ram, but not Parabrahm.
Kabir has used the words Ram, Keshav, Mohan, Hari etc.
in the sense of the universal God. Kabir definitely feels the need to call God in life, that’s why it is necessary to give him a name.
Kabir believes that-
भगति भजन हरि नाम है, आ दुख अपार ।
मनसा वाचा कर्मणा, कबीर सुमिरन सार ।
According to Kabir(kabirdas), the soul and Ram i.e. Brahma or Paramatma are one. The soul is a part of God, Kabir is a monotheist spiritually, but his monotheism is different from Muslim monotheism.
According to Islam, God is different and supremely powerful from all places and beings, but God propounded by Kabir is pervasive, He delights in all beings.
He is light, imperceptible and immutable. It cannot be known by mere bookish knowledge, but it is attainable by loving devotion.
The path of devotion towards God is attained by the devotee by Guru’s grace. It is the Guru who frees the seeker from the shackles of delusion and delusion and guides him from ignorance to knowledge.
Kabir expresses his gratitude over and over again to the Guru who enabled him to see the Anant (Parmatma).
Kabir has propounded the infinite importance of Guru in all his poetry, at some places he has described Guru as greater than God. They say, paying hundred and hundred respects to the Guru who made man a deity –
बहिलारी गुरु आप द्यौ हाड़ी के बार।
जिनि मानुष तैं देवता, करत न लागी बार ॥
Kabir(kabirdas) has described Bhakti as such a path where all beings can walk easily, because there is no discrimination of high and low, Brahmin-Shudra, touchable and untouchable, there is only this feeling that “caste and caste should not be asked”.
Somebody, Hari ko bho so Hari ka hoi’. This is a comprehensive and comprehensive form of the devotion of Kabir.
Kabir’s devotion is full of unique feelings. He is completely selfless. Love is required in devotion, devotion to God and love has made the devotion of Kabir a succulent, although Kabir has imagined the relationship between the devotee and God in the form of mother-son, father-son etc., but he considered God as husband. And portraying the soul as a wife has presented the ideal form of Indian married life.
Kabir has considered the biggest obstacle on the path of devotion, worldly, he has called it Maya, in the path of devotion, Maya interferes by taking the form of Kanak and Kamini.
Kabir also considers ego as a hindrance to the path of devotion, because the ego i.e. the feeling of the Self does not allow the soul and the Supreme Soul to become one, so Kabir talks of sacrificing “I” to attain the uniqueness of the path of devotion.
Kabir also talks about ‘sahaj’ devotion.
According to Kabir(kabirdas), ‘Sahaj’ is that state in which a person can easily renounce objects. This is a state that is gradually attained through practice. By and by, by instinct, lust, worldliness, delusion, ego, etc., vanishes and the devotee becomes one with God.
This is the ultimate form of devotion, this is also the only purpose of the devotee’s life. There has been a wonderful amalgamation of knowledge, yoga and love in the devotion of Kabir.
Kabir Das was a versatile devotee, social reformer, poet, yogi and a great scholar. In the field of poetic creation-process, he has made a place in poetry with his abilities. Kabir’s poetry is genius. He did not become a poet by intellectual exercise, but his heart Indus is the birthplace of his poetry.
kabirdas says that God himself gave him the inspiration to compose poetry, God told him that he should give his feelings in the form of poetry for the welfare of the people. This fact is confirmed by this sakhi of Kabir-
कबीर चला जाई था, आगे मिला खुदाई ।
मीरा मुझसौ यौ कहा, किन फुरमाई गाई ||
While considering Kabir’s poetry, it is worth keeping in mind that writing poetry was not the aim of his life. For him, poetry was only a means by which he used to propagate truth to the masses.
The truth which he himself had come to know. That is why kabirdas was promoted in the public mind as a saint, preacher and social reformer of a high order, his poetic form got the attention of scholars much later.
The joy which Kabir has expressed in his poetry is the real Brahmanand. It is the aim of his literature to express such transcendental Atmanand or Brahmananda. Kabir is an accomplished poet of high order. All his poetry is an expression of spiritual bliss. The prestige of the Supreme Brahman is the basic basis of his thought and philosophy.