Sanchar kise kahate hain: Communication is of great use in today’s time. Today a lot of work is done through communication. You will read the definition of communication in this post.
Sanchar kise kahate hain
Meaning, definition and types of sanchar kise kahate hain
sanchar kise kahate hain is sharing. Communication is a type of resource, using this resource you can talk to a person and exchange your information.
These information can be of many types, such as – signal, sound etc.
In another language, the act of expressing one’s point or idea through a medium is called communication.
Just as a human cannot survive without life, in the same way life is not possible without communication. Man thinks something is also communication.
Man likes to eat food only when he feels hungry. The feeling of hunger is also communication.
Actually a person dreams at night or thinks in himself, during that time that person communicates with himself.
The general meaning of communication is to convey or transmit an information or message from one person to another.
Talking about the literal meaning, communication is the Hindi translation of the word communication in English. Which is derived from the Latin word Communis, which means Common.
Talking about the meaning of the word communication, it is to establish commonality between the sender of information and the receiver of information.
In other words, communication is an art by which one person becomes a participant in the thoughts, feelings of another person.
Many experts have tried to define communication, but no consensus has been reached on any one definition. Some of the popular definitions are as follows.
sanchar kise kahate hain?
When two or more people exchange thoughts or feelings with each other through some meaningful signs, signs or symbols, it is called communication.
According to the Oxford dictionary, communication is the exchange, transmission or sharing of ideas, information, etc., whether written, oral or symbolic.
According to Charles E. Osgood- Communication generally occurs when one system or source influences another or destination by means of a variety of signals.
Lewis A. According to Allen, “Communication is the sum total of all those actions by which a person seeks to establish understanding with another”.
Communication is a bridge of meanings. It involves a systematic and regular process of saying, listening and understanding.
According to Cath Davies- It is a method of transmitting and understanding information from one person to another.
It is essentially a bridge of meaning among the people. By using the bridge a person can easily cross the river of misunderstood.
According to Allen, “Communication refers to all those methods by which one person adopts his ideology to infuse or explain his ideology to another person.
It is actually a bridge bridging the gap between the minds of two individuals.
Under this, a scientific process of saying, listening and understanding is always going on.
According to McDavid and Harari- Psychologically, communication refers to the exchange of ideas and expressions between individuals.
According to Krutch and companions, communication is the use of symbols to obtain equal or shared knowledge about an object.
Although language is the most important medium of communication in humans, other symbols may be used.
Types of communication (Sanchar kise kahate hain)
There are four main types of communication (Sanchar kise kahate hain)-
On the basis of the number of people involved in the communication process, there are mainly four types of communication:- Sanchar kise kahate hain
- Intrapersonal Communication
- Interpersonal Communication
- Group communication
- Mass Communication
Other Sanchar kise kahate hain – Communication:
- Verbal Communication
- written communication
- non-verbal communication
1. Intrapersonal Communication:-
It is the process of communication in which a person communicates with himself, that is, the person himself is in its periphery.
Actually it is a psychological activity in which a person does personal contemplation. In this, the role of both the communicator and the receiver has to be played by the same person.
If a person dreams or thinks something then that also comes under interpersonal communication.
Under this, humans use their Central Nervous System and Perpheral Nervous System.
The central nervous system includes the brain, while the external nervous system includes other parts of the body.
We can say that a person who does not communicate in person is insane.
Following are the salient features of intra-personal communication:-
1. With this man conducts himself and prepares the plans of his life.
2. Man feels pleasure and pain.
3. Invents useful and necessary dimensions for his life,
4. Controls the heart and mind, and
5. Expresses Feedback.
2. Interpersonal Communication
The process of communication in which 2 people are involved. When two people exchange feelings and thoughts with each other, it is called interpersonal communication.
It happens face to face. It is a two-way process. It can be anywhere in the form of vowels, signs, words, sounds, music, pictures, plays, etc.
In this, the feedback is received immediately and best.
Take for example the innocent child who, as he grows up from a newborn, comes in contact with society and starts adopting interpersonal communication.
Laughing, talking or running away when a parent calls is an early example of interpersonal communication.
After this, as he progresses towards adolescence, he starts learning language, traditions, greetings etc.
through the process of inter-personal communication. Interpersonal communication also plays an important role in connecting with the people around the neighborhood.
Interviews, official conversations, news gathering, etc. are examples of inter-personal communication.
Interpersonal communication is highly internal communication, due to which
(1) Feedback is instant and better.
(2) There is less chance of obstruction.
(3) Direct contact and relationship is established between the communicator and the receiver.
(4) The communicator has ample opportunity to impress the receiver.
(5) The communicator and the receiver are physically and emotionally close to each other.
(6) In case of disagreement on any matter, the recipient gets an opportunity to intervene.
(7) The communicator already knows a lot about the receiver.
(8) There are many ways to send a message. For example, language, words, facial reaction, expression, hand swaying, back-and-forth, head shaking, etc.
3. Group Communication –
It is clear from the name that the communication which is done in the group is called group communication.
To understand group communication, let us first tell you what is a group? Man must be a member of some group in his life.
It also creates new groups to meet its needs. By separating from the groups, man becomes isolated.
Where personality develops in the group, social prestige is formed. Through the group the ideas of one generation are transferred to the next generation.
When some people for what purpose make mutual contact with each other and know each other, then it is called a group.
Therefore, when more than 2 people exchange feelings and thoughts among themselves, it is called group communication.
For example, studying in the classroom, laughing at something together, poetry conferences, speeches are all examples of group communication.
In Group Communication :-
1. The number of recipients is fixed, all cooperate according to their will and ability,
2. There is an equal exchange of ideas, feelings among the members,
3. There is closeness between the communicator and the receiver,
4. Problems are resolved through deliberation,
5. The purpose of the communicator is to develop consciousness among the members and make them feel responsible,
6. Feedback is received from the members from time to time, and
7. The message is conveyed according to the basic objectives of the problem.
4. Mass Communication –
Mass communication is made up of 2 words. It has happened due to the combination of mass + communication. Jana means crowd.
The broadest form of group communication is mass communication. Just as the use of news paper, radio, television, cable, internet, web portals increased, so did the field of mass communication.
Mass communication is called mass communication in the English language, which means to convey information to the scattered public with the help of communication media.
Newspapers, television, radio, cinema, cable, internet, web portals, etc. are state-of-the-art communication media. Mass communication refers to communication with a large mass of people.
In other words, mass communication is the process by which messages presented in multiple forms are communicated through mass media to unknown and heterogeneous ethnic groups.
mass communication characteristics:
Following are the characteristics of mass communication:-
1. Contact is established with the recipients living in a large area,
2. The message is equally open to all recipients,
3. The message is communicated with the help of communication medium,
4. There is a formal and systematic organization for communication,
5. Public communication medium is used to transmit the message,
6. It is possible to establish contact at the same time even if the recipients are heterogeneous,
7. There is a mechanical representation or transmission of a large number of messages, and
8. Feedback reaches the communicator late or many times even not.
What is oral(Verbal) communication?
Such communication which is done by speaking by mouth is called oral communication, this communication is most commonly used.
What is written communication?
The communication which is done in writing is called written communication. Written communication is mostly used in transactions and business.
What is non-verbal communication?
The communication that is done through body language and gestures is called non-verbal communication.